Product Features and Details
Time: 1937 – 1944 (Era II)
Model: The Liliput L131540 BR 05 Streamlined Locomotive is a very attractive locomotive. This impressive model offers a great level of detail and impressive running performance. The best feature about the BR 05 is the affordable price. Liliput did an exceptional job on the overall details and paint livery . The BR 05 is an iconic German express locomotive and no European Model Train collection is complete with out this impressive locomotive.
metal rods and wheels
5-pole motor with flywheel
drive in the tender
fact installed Marklin Motorola type digital decoder
clutch NEM 362 on the tender
smoke generator ready
LED headlights that change with the direction of travel
rec. minimum radius of 360 mm
length over buffers 310 mm.
Modellers Tip: The modeler interested in this engine should consider running it in front of a light express train (FD) train, which usually consisted of a baggage car (Pw4ü), three four first/second class coaches (AB4ü) with a diner (WR4ü) in the middle. Of course, one could also use it pulling a normal express train (D-Zug). However, this should be a rather short train of not more than 7 or 8 coaches. The skirted coaches and/or 29-class express coaches, which are temporarily unavailable from Liliput, would be ideal for this locomotive. However, there are some cars from others companies which the modeler will find useful for this engine: The Marklin Hapag Loyd set 4229 and/or matching cars 42232, 42252, 42253, and 42262 would fit with this loco, but the wheels need to be changed to DC. Another option would be the Roco cars 45146 – 45149 and/or 44543/44/47/47 together with 45586 or 45682/83/84. All of these can be mixed with one another. However, the cars 64569 – 64573 represent cars for accelerated trains, not express trains and were probably not used behind this locomotive. For all these cars, there is a slight caveat: The cars have the round eagle that the DRG used until 1936. After that, the eagle with the widespread wings was used. However, it is quite likely that it took many years to change the signs. Brawa offers the former Prussian cars 45203 – 45216 with both forms of the eagle, and a matching baggage car can be found in the Fleischmann offerings (5150). In general, the DRG mixed the different styles of cars in contrast to the homogeneity that many modelers strive for
Prototype: Since the success of the Diesel high speed trains like the Flying Hamburger in the middle of the 1930s, locomotive industry worked on faster steam locomotives. After speed tests with a streamlined DRG Class 03 Borsig produced three engines:
05 001 in 1935, streamlined,
05 002 in 1935, streamlined, world speed record in 1936
05 003 in 1937, cab forward streamlined.
The locomotives did regular service in FD express passenger trains, e.g. FD 23 from Hamburg to Berlin. The design speed was 175 km/h (109 mph). In 1944, the streamline plates were removed. 05 003 had been rebuilt and lost the cab forward design. The three locomotives of the 05 class are considered by many to be the highpoint of German steam locomotive engineering. With their 2300mm (90 in) high driving wheels and a design speed of 175 km/h (110 mph), their domain were fast, but relatively light trains. A three cylinder steam engine provided rapid acceleration and a smooth ride. 05 002 reached a top speed of 125 mph on May 11, 1936. While 05 001/002 were conventional streamlined designs, the 05 003 incorporated many innovations. The driver compartment was located in the front, offering the engineer the same view as in the modern electrics. Its outer shape even resembled the E 18 electric locomotive. Instead of black coal, it used brown coal dust. Unfortunately, the system did not work as well as hoped for mostly due to the long distance between the tender and the firebox which was located in the front. Therefore, the locomotive was converted into a conventional steam engine in 1944 with the large Wagner steam deflectors. Together with her sisters, she underwent a further conversion in the 1950’s. All three were retired in 1957.
World high speed records
05 001 and 05 002 were mainly used for test runs from 1935 to 1936. Most of these runs were made on complete journeys between Hamburg and Berlin. On June 7, 1935 the 05 002 made a top speed of 191.7 km/h (119.1 mph) near Berlin. The same engine made six more runs with more than 177 km/h (110 mph) with trains up to 254 t weight. On May 11, 1936 it set the world speed record for steam locomotives after reaching 200.4 km/h (124.5 mph) on the track between Hamburg and Berlin hauling a 197 t train. The engine power was more than 2,535 kW (3,400 ihp). This record was broken two years later by the British LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard engine.
On May 30, 1936 the 05 002 set an unbroken start stop speed record for steam locomotives: During the return run from a 190 km/h test Berlin-Hamburg it did the ~113 kilometres (70.1 miles) from Wittenberge to a signal stop before Berlin-Spandau in 48 min 32 s, meaning 139.4 km/h (86.66 mph) average between start and stop.
05 001 in the Nuremberg Transport Museum
After World War II, the three engines came to the engine shop in Hamm, Westfalia Since there were only three specimens of the 05, DB thought to scrap them. But then the engines were sent to Krauss-Maffei be restored. 05 003 went into regular service in 1950, the other two in 1951. Boiler pressure was reduced to 16 bar (1600 kPa or 230 lbf/in²), hence the engines lost some of their old power. All three locomotives were used to haul express trains until 1958.
Mostly the 05 hauled the FD (long distance express) trains "Hanseat" and "Domspatz" on the run Hamburg - Cologne - Frankfurt. The regular top speed of the trains was 140 km/h. On this 703 km run the 05 operated trains did the longest run with steam traction in the DB network. July 1958 the 05 were replaced by diesel-hydraulic locomotives class V200. The BRR 05 001 went to the Verkehrsmuseum Nürnberg where it can be seen streamlined with its original red livery. The other two locomotives were scrapped in 1960.